The National People's Congress (NPC), China's parliament, endorsed the country's 12th Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development on 14 March 2011.
For China, the 12th Five-Year Plan period is crucial to building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, and critical to deepening the reform and opening up and accelerating the transformation of the economic growth pattern.
In the coming five years and ahead, the country is believed by the leadership to be still in an important period of strategic opportunities for development.
The theme of scientific development and the transformation of the economic growth pattern are evident in the freshly approved government work report and the 12th Five-Year Plan.
Chen Wei, an NPC deputy from Shandong Province and mayor of Zaozhuang City, said the 12th Five-Year Plan set specific goals for development in next five years.
The country will continue to make significant progress if the goals of economic restructuring and the transformation of economic growth pattern are realized. However, he warned that economic restructuring must be based on actual conditions and realistic measures.
Li Shanfeng, a sociologist with the Shandong Academy of Social Sciences, said that China's social undertakings have legged behind rapid economic development in recent years.
The government should recognize that the fundamental objective of economic development is to improve people's livelihood, and should increase spending on social issues in the next five years, he added.
Improved livelihood is also instrumental in China's drive to expand domestic consumption, which will have positive effects on boosting healthy, coordinated and sustainable economic and social development, he said.
He added that the government had initiated the framework for reforming education, health care, social security and housing sectors in the 11th Five-Year Plan period (2006-2010), it should seize the opportunity now to improve the framework.
For instance, the government should increase the supply of affordable housing to meet the needs of low-income groups.
The 12th Five-Year Plan noted that there still exist the global trend toward peace, development and cooperation, and the overall international environment is beneficial to China's peaceful development.
In the meantime, the international environment is getting more complicated, as the impact of global financial crisis lingers, the world's economic growth remains sluggish, global competition intensifies, and protectionism surges, according to the plan.
Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi recently said that China would have a broader road for peaceful development if it develops in a way that takes into consideration both the domestic and international situations and well grasp the interaction relationship between scientific and peaceful development.
Sun Zhe, an expert on Sino-U.S. relations of Tsinghua University, said that there is no longer any doubt that many countries are beneficiaries of China's peaceful development.
China needs to enhance the outside world's understanding of and trust in it through economic cooperation, cultural exchanges and various other means, he said.
"Mutual trust between China and other countries will deepen with an increasingly open and confident China and closer exchanges between China and the outside world. I believe a broader road awaits China's peaceful development," Sun said.
-- Value-added output of emerging strategic industries will account for 8 percent of GDP;
-- Foreign investment is welcomed in modern agriculture, high-tech and environment protection industries;
-- Coastal regions to turn from "world's factory" to hubs of R&D, high-end manufacturing and service sector;
-- Nuclear power will be developed more efficiently under the precondition of ensuring safety;
-- Construction of large-scale hydropower plants will gain momentum in southwest China;
-- Length of high-speed railway will reach 45,000 km;
-- Length of highway network will reach 83,000 km;
-- A new airport will be built in Beijing;
-- China to build 36 million affordable apartments for low-income people.